What are relationships?

What are human relationships?

Human relationships refer to the interaction between people within a narrow circle or society as a whole. From a psychological point of view, we are looking at the relationship of individual subjects in small groups and their associations.

The basis and importance of the relationship between personalities

At the core of personality relationships are the relationships between people who play themselves out in verbal and nonverbal contacts.

The desire to communicate is justified by a number of factors:

  • The need for mutually beneficial cooperation;
  • escape from loneliness, the desire for a sense of security;
  • information interchange.

Classification of human relationships

Interpersonal relations (IR) are divided into two types according to their purpose and character.

According to the purpose, interpersonal relations, in their turn, are of two types:

  • Primary, the emergence of which is due to necessity;
  • Secondary, based on conscious interaction of people.

According to character MIs can be of formal and informal type.

Formal relations have the following characteristics:

  • strictly limited by the rules of behavior;
  • Absence of an emotional and sensual component;
  • absence of a choice.

Business relations between colleagues and the management can be referred to this type of relationship.

Relationships between people of any gender

Relationships between people without regard to gender can include:

  • kinship relationships;
  • friendly relations in a circle united by common activities;
  • Friendship relationships formed on the basis of a pleasant acquaintance;
  • friendships, as a closer relationship developed from friendships;
  • professional relationships, which are limited by the framework of one business.

Types of relationships between people of different sexes

To try to give a proper answer to the age-old question of whether the existence of friendship between a man and a woman, it is worth to pay attention to the opinion of experts. Most psychologists are of the opinion that one of the partners in this “friendly” union, most likely, feels a latent sympathy and attraction to the other.

Conjugal relations

What are the conditions of the relationship between partners living together in a formal or civil union? They are distinguished by a number of characteristics:

  • A stable current based on love and affection of the soul;
  • physical attraction;
  • common interests;
  • The desire to have children and raise them together.

Political relations

The basis and organization of social relations is based on the following:

  • political competition;
  • Cooperation between the authorities and citizens through trade unions and political parties;
  • The bond between citizens and the state, their mutual responsibility;
  • alliances of states;
  • internal and interstate conflicts.

How to manage relations in the labor sphere?

In companies, it is up to the human resources manager to monitor the psychological atmosphere of the team. His tasks include the timely identification of conflict situations and their prevention. Special testing helps to identify how comfortable the environment for employees, and conducted trainings help to create the necessary atmosphere in the team, contribute to its maximum harmonization, stimulate cohesion.

People can easily manage interpersonal relations if they listen to each other and compromise. It is important to give everyone the right not only to have, but also to boldly express their opinions, emphasize the virtues of partners and accept certain shortcomings. Wikium’s Emotional Intelligence course can help you improve your communication skills.

Human relationships – what they can be

A person’s life in society depends on the relationships between people. Existence among similar individuals is impossible without interaction with the surrounding society. Coming into contact with the world around them, people always communicate with each other.

Communication between people

What is human interaction

The interaction between people, limited to the boundaries of a community or society as a whole, is called human relations (HR). In psychology, this terminology is defined as the relationship that individuals enter into in the process of forming small groups and bringing them together.

For the record! From a psychological point of view, a relation is a mutual arrangement of objects, taking into account their properties, is seen as the result of the relationship of the individual with the environment of the environment.

Psychologists are interested in the conditions under which the individual forms his relations, which form part of his personality. Sociologists pay particular attention to how such formed relationships function in the social sphere. They call this social behavior and relate social relations to the various structures and situations of society.

The basis of interpersonal relationships and their importance

The name of such relationships speaks for itself; they are based on relationships between people. They occur as a result of verbal (speech and writing) and nonverbal (visual) contacts.

Proved! Percentage of human communication in a society through language is 20, 80% of the contact is on the non-verbal level.

Arguments for communication can be as follows:

  • The desire to cooperate for the common good;
  • craving for a sense of security and escape from loneliness;
  • exchange of useful information.

Ukrainian psychologist-practitioner, Natalia Kucherenko, in her lectures notes that perception (understanding of other people) also promotes and disposes to communication.

Classification of Interpersonal Relationships

There are the following types of classification of interpersonal relationships (IR):

  • By purpose;
  • by character.

Selectivity is a characteristic feature of this division when choosing a partner for MO.

According to the purpose.

There are two types of interpersonal relations, according to their purpose:

  • primary – when they arise by themselves, without the desire of the individual, caused by necessity;
  • Secondary – based on some conscious action of one person for the other.

For example, primary interaction can include communication between people in a queue, when one person “borrows,” and the other person “surrenders” him/her the queue.

Another example is when the occupants of a house call the firefighters in order to extinguish a fire. When the firemen arrive, they evacuate the victims and put out the fire. This is a secondary relationship, all united by one goal.

Relationships connected by purpose

By nature.

Formal and informal are the two types of relationships subdivided in this segment.

Formal relationships are characterized by the following points:

  • absence of emotional coloring and displays of feelings;
  • restrictions on the rules and norms of behavior;
  • impossibility to choose partners for communication.

An example of such relations are business professional relationships at work, between colleagues, bosses and subordinates during a working day.

Attention! In formal communication, people adhere to certain conventions, without displaying personal feelings.

In addition, MIs are also classified according to the degree of involvement in this relationship.

Classification of MIs according to the depth of involvement

Types of relationships in teams and business relationships

When considering what kind of connection between people, it is impossible to miss collective relations related to professional and business activities.

A labor collective is a group of people based on professional work within the same organization or structural subdivision.

Applied to the structural unit and the firm as a whole consider three types of relationships:

  • labor;
  • social;
  • life activity relations.

The labor type, aka professional, consists of the following interactions between employees:

  • subordination relations (vertically) – from the supervisor to the junior employee;
  • coordination relations (horizontal) – between equal in rank employees who are connected by the common work process.

Public communication actions of employees are connected with activity of trade union or other public organizations in which employees are involved.

To the life of the team and manifested in this area of relations can include a friendly communication during lunch break (in the canteen, utility room, smoking room).

Important! The two components of workers’ MO are business and personal relationships. In this case there is a tendency: in a more developed collective the business qualities of the coworker are valued in MB, in a less developed one the personal characteristics are valued.

Classification of MOO in a labor collective

Types of interactions between people of any gender

Interactions between people of different sexes can be considered on the example of school institution. The school and the classroom, as a work collective, are models of coordinated communication between students. Sharing notes during recess, helping each other in class-all of this is interpersonal communication.

The range of relationships between people without regard to gender may be as follows:

  • Kinship – within close and distant blood ties;
  • friendly – in a circle delineated by a common activity;
  • friendly – formed after acquaintance;
  • Friendly – arising from the buddy, at a closer approach;
  • professional – within the framework of a common business.

It is noticed that only the mutual desire of participants to maintain any relationship of these categories make them stable.

Types of relationships between a man and a woman

The clash in the society of the opposite sexes always generates communication. The simple question “Is there a friendship between a man and a woman?” has always worried the public. What causes the joint pastime of representatives of the two sexes, if there is no love or sexual connection between them? By what type of relationship is the process of describing such friendship regulated?

Specialists are of the opinion that one of the “friends” has a hidden sympathy, of which the other does not guess or does not give the appearance of having guessed. You can tell by the kind of relationship between people how close they are.

Between husband and wife

One type of relationship is a marital relationship, which occurs between people of different sexes. They are distinguished by the following characteristics:

  • A relatively long relationship based on love and spiritual intimacy;
  • there is a physical need for each other;
  • presence of the common interests connected with birth and upbringing of children.

Such MOs represent one whole consisting of two halves: “male rational” and “female intuitive”.

Basic forms of political relations

Social science defines the points underlying their organization in this way:

  • political inter-party competition;
  • social support of parties by voters;
  • cooperation with citizens (trade unions and party organizations);
  • connection of the state and the citizen, responsibility to each other;
  • interstate unions;
  • conflicts, both intra-political and inter-state.

All political relations are determined by the distribution of power, authority, and rights in society.

What is meant by the development and problem of ME.

The problem of interpersonal communication, both personally and socially, consists of three vectors of development:

  • material;
  • social;
  • psychological.

Proved! To raise labor productivity must be established at the proper level of material incentives (pay), social conditions (social package) and a comfortable psychological environment in the team.

In family relations the slogan “With a sweetheart in the shack” stimulates the development of relations and the love affair until the first serious difficulties in everyday life. On the other hand, without love in the bond between two people, even a palace can seem like a “gilded cage.

Is it possible to manage a relationship

The answer is, “You can!” In companies, this is done by a human resources manager who monitors the overall psychological environment, identifying and eliminating reasons for outbursts of alienation and hostility between employees. Training sessions and constant tests among personnel can show how cohesive the team is. Material stimulation of each employee, an individual approach and collective actions are the main tools of management of mutual relations.

People can manage interpersonal relations if they listen to each other and make compromises together. It is worth emphasizing the virtues, putting up with the shortcomings of the partner and allowing him or her to have their own vision of the situation.

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