How to treat neurasthenia
Before we tell you how to treat neurasthenia, you should first understand what it is and what the symptoms of this pathological condition are.
Neurasthenia or asthenoneurotic syndrome is the most common type of mental disorder with little change. In essence, it is a severe exhaustion of the nervous system. Because of the similarity of its symptoms, it is sometimes identified with chronic fatigue syndrome, but recent research has shown that these conditions have different origins, so treatment must be different.
Breakdown of the nervous system, which is neurasthenia – reversible phenomenon, no matter how intense and prolonged manifestations of the syndrome. It proceeds without severe personality disorders and psychosis. However, the person is well aware of his/her condition and suffers from it, which worsens the quality of his/her life.
Asthenic neurosis arises on the basis of some situation traumatic to the psyche, combined with chronic “lack of sleep” or lack of other physiological needs, as well as overloading of the body. To these factors are added a variety of medical conditions, including infections.
Both men and women are equally susceptible to the disorder, but the latter have a more severe course due to the aggravation of various pathologies. As for the age limit, most affected people are over 25 years old. This disease has even received the “popular” name “manager’s syndrome”. But our rapidly changing era has made its adjustments: because of the complex school program, intellectual and sports activities, representatives of the current younger generation also began to be diagnosed neurasthenia.
It would be a misconception to think that asthenoneurotic syndrome is inherent only to residents of large cities. Just people living in small communities, including villages, accustomed to attribute all these health problems to mere fatigue, laziness, bad character. Meanwhile, neurasthenia traps everyone.
Causes of disruption of the nervous system
Many factors contribute to the development of the disease, which can be divided into groups.
To the biological factors, first of all, include bad heredity. The list also includes:
- Severe course of pregnancy of the mother, infectious diseases suffered by her at this time;
- Difficult childbirth, associated with trauma to the baby;
- peculiarities of the nervous system;
- lack of sleep;
- physical and emotional exhaustion;
- lack of rest, relaxation;
- intoxication of the body with alcohol, tobacco or other substances;
- lack of vitamins;
- somatic diseases.
Psychological reasons for the development of neurasthenia are psychological traumas received in childhood. In addition, contributes and:
- sudden stress in important circumstances for the individual, personal tragedy;
- prolonged psychotraumatic situation, conflict;
- pessimistic mood.
Social factors are also present:
- peculiarities of the family environment in childhood, upbringing, conditions of growing up;
- receiving a large flow of information, the processing of which requires special conditions and a lot of time;
- the peculiarity of the circle of communication, interests;
- dissatisfaction of personal aspirations.
Neurasthenia manifests itself by the following signs:
- Excessive irritability even because of a trifle, irascibility, anger, constant dissatisfaction.
- Impatience – the desire to get everything at once, the impossibility of waiting – it literally “kills”.
- Constant feeling of fatigue, weakness.
- Pain in the temples or a feeling of a shingling, squeezing pain in the head.
- Lack of ability to concentrate, to do one thing for a long time.
- Disorder in the consistency of thoughts and general perception of the environment.
Speaking in more detail about the symptomatology of asthenoneurotic syndrome, it is more correct to consider the disorder in phases, since the intensity of its manifestation gradually increases. But more often the disease stops at a certain phase, i.e. its development does not occur, which is reflected in the formulation of the diagnosis.
Hypersthenic (excitable) form
This is the initial stage of the disease, which is fixed most often. It is characterized by nervousness, irritability, excitability.
The patient is nervous of any, even soft, sounds (creaking and light knocking of a door, whispering, movement of the clock, dripping water, etc.), bright lights, the presence of people nearby and their movements. The most insignificant occasion causes an outburst of emotion, uncontrollable irritation or even anger. Without realizing the reason for the aggression, the person may insult or offend someone.
The patient is impatient, tries to do several things at once, fusses, but his performance leaves much to be desired. The blame for this is not weakness or rapid fatigue, but problems with concentration, constant distraction.
The sleep pattern is disturbed: the patient is lethargic during the day, but at night he falls asleep with difficulty and sleeps badly, with nightmares, often waking up. Waking up happens either earlier than usual or later.
Persistent headaches are called “neurasthenic helmets” – they are squeezing, quite debilitating. The pain goes along the spine to the back when the head is turned or bent. Mental or physical tension makes them more intense.
Irritable weakness (intermediate form)
This phase combines severe irritability with a rapid decrease in the body’s resources. In principle, it is a reflection of the clinical essence of the disorder.
The attacks of irritation are the most intense, with outbursts of anger instantly turning to a stream of tears completely uncharacteristic of the individual. Such tearfulness arises from the inability of the patient to overcome his all-consuming discontent. The mood changes instantly: now gloomy, now cheerful.
The patient is often lethargic, interested in nothing, and his appetite gets worse or disappears altogether. Digestion suffers, with diarrhea, constipation, belching, heartburn. Heart rate increases, pulse and blood pressure fluctuate. Limbs become flaccid, unsteadiness and so-called flickers appear before the eyes, the rush of heat is replaced by chills, redness of the skin by pallor. Libido weakens, men may have problems with erectile function. Frequent urge to urinate may occur.
Hyposthenic (inhibitory) form
At this stage, depression, weakness, gloominess, lethargy are especially pronounced. You don’t want to do anything, but you don’t feel anxiety and melancholy. The patient’s thoughts are concentrated only on his own unpleasant sensations in the body and he goes to physicians, suspecting that he has a serious illness, which of course is not detected.
Very often neurasthenia can be corrected by a good rest. But if this does not help and the illness has gone too far, then it is necessary to put yourself in the hands of professionals.
Diagnosis and Treatment
An experienced physician – neurologist, psychiatrist or psychotherapist – will not have much difficulty identifying asthenic neurosis, separating it from other pathological disorders. Taking all of the above into account, he needs to rule out the presence of somatic diseases, oncology and organic lesions of the central nervous system.
The specialist will collect the anamnesis, talk to the patient. In the case of classical symptoms with a predominant excitation reaction
the diagnosis is hypersthenic neurasthenia. If there are more inhibitory reactions, including drowsiness, then there is reason to believe that this is hyposthenic neurasthenia.
Comprehensive treatment of the disorder involves, first of all, the normalization of the patient’s life, as well as the use of psychotherapy and medication.
It should be noted at once that you can not “prescribe” yourself drugs, especially psychostimulants – they can lead to dependence and increase the manifestations of the disorder.
The doctor selects medications based on the presence and severity of certain symptoms (the form of neurasthenia), individually for each patient is prescribed dose and duration of admission. This tonic or sedative drugs, normalizing the cardiovascular system, tranquilizers. Mandatory include and general tonic, restoring the functions of the body, improving metabolism means, as well as vitamins C and B groups, antioxidants, neurorubin, etc. Do not hurt and herbal extracts.
Psychotherapy includes psychoanalysis, individual and group sessions, conversations with a therapist, training. This makes it possible to identify and eliminate the causes of the disorder, change the patient’s attitude towards them, gain skills in separating the major from the minor and the ability to enjoy life.
Autogenic training teaches self-improvement and self-infusion, and hypnosis helps normalize heartbeat, blood flow, muscle tone.
An illness like neurasthenia does not require hospitalization. Specialists, conducting therapeutic and drug treatment, usually give patients the following advice:
- change the environment, walk more often in the fresh air, spend pleasant time, travel;
- take a vacation, don’t check your email, turn off the phone – get plenty of rest, do your favorite work that brings pleasure;
- reduce emotional stress, negatively affecting the psyche;
- Establish a daily routine with a clear schedule, which would allocate enough time for rest and sleep;
- Strengthen the immune system, introduce a balanced diet, and take vitamins;
- restore vegetative function through massage, acupuncture, warm foot baths, hot aromatized baths.
Not a bad option for treating neurasthenia – the use of folk methods, but before this you should consult with your doctor. Of the most effective options that are beneficial to the autonomic and central nervous system, we can recommend the following:
- Motherwort decoction. A tablespoon of herbs pour a glass of boiling water, soak on a water bath for a quarter of an hour, let cool and strain. Take a month, 3 times a day.
- Hawthorn Decoction. Boiled berries (1 tbsp.) boiled (a glass), 45 minutes later strain.
- Tea melissa and mint. Brewed as normal tea – such a drink calms, promotes good sleep.
- Tincture of valerian alcohol – 30 drops are added to a small amount of water and drunk before going to bed.
- Lavender bath. Dried inflorescences (200 g.) put in boiling water (5 liters) and simmer over heat for 7 minutes. Decoction strained and poured into a bathtub filled with warm water. Stay in it for 20 minutes.
- General strengthening sets with raspberries, calamus root, birch leaves, chicory, strawberries, rose hips, oregano.
Prevention of nervous breakdown
To prevent neurasthenia, you should properly plan your working day. His schedule should be such that there was time for quiet execution of tasks and, in case of emergencies, their normal solution.
The nervous system is not iron – it needs to recover. Therefore, workaholics should not forget: the working days should be necessarily interspersed with weekends and vacations. Rest should be systematically, fully, take your time, eat, get enough sleep.
It is also necessary to do sports, to strengthen health. In general, it is useful to learn to properly manage your time.
All of the above recommendations will help to avoid asthenoneurotic syndrome, to always be in shape in the physical and psychological sense.
Since one of the causes of neurasthenia is hypodynamia – the lack of movement, the doctor will certainly advise to introduce physical activity. They should not be very strong, and strictly dosed. A great option is swimming.
As for the diet, you need to eat foods that can quickly restore the body. Food should be eaten regularly, not to overeat.
Warm baths with herbal decoctions, essential oils are very useful.
Hypnosis is often used to treat exhaustion of the nervous system, which relieves nervous tension, intrusive thoughts, and anxiety. Just an hour of hypnosis replaces many hours of regular hypnosis, and you can achieve deep relaxation and activate the body’s strength to heal.
Medication therapy involves taking vasodilators, nootropics, antidepressants, drugs that improve brain metabolism, and sedatives. Also very important are certain vitamins, which are prescribed at different stages of treatment.
As for psychotherapy, it allows you to eliminate the causes that led to the disease, to analyze mistakes and find ways to correct them.
Properly chosen professional treatment makes it possible to cure neurasthenia for a short period of time. There comes a full recovery, and the person can once again enjoy life and get pleasure from it.
The best vitamins for the nervous system in adults
The best medicine “for the nerves” is, of course, the absence of stress. However, the nervous system can also be supported with the help of special vitamins. Let’s deal with the experts, who and when to take these vitamins, and how to choose them
Our nervous system is a complex mechanism that regulates, integrates and stimulates almost all the processes in the body. It performs a lot of important functions and is under constant attack from the aggressive environment. So our task is to support the health of the nervous system with vitamins, proper nutrition and lifestyle.
Rating of the top 10 good and inexpensive vitamins for the nervous system for adults according to KP
With the help of our experts, we have compiled the top 10 best vitamins for the nervous system. In preparation, we took into account the opinion of experts, customer reviews, and product ratings on popular marketplaces. The places in the ranking are allocated arbitrarily and say nothing about the effectiveness of the drug.
1. plaPlamela L-carnitine
Staying calm and in good spirits under stress is not an easy task. The supplement PlaPlamela L-carnitine from the Altai manufacturer “Sashera-Med” helps to strengthen the nervous system, improve memory and emotional state, and establish a healthy sleep.
The supplement contains an easily digestible biogenic form of L-carnitine derived from sardine meat through biotechnological synthesis and enriched with the antioxidant complex glutathione and acetylcysteine, pantothenic and ascorbic acids. PlaPlamela L-carnitine promotes normal development and brain function, improves memory and performance, helps to cope with stress, chronic fatigue and increased mental stress. Also, L-carnitine has a positive effect on liver, kidney and heart function, improves overall health after intense physical activity, reduces sleepiness and irritability.
Due to the lack of dyes, preservatives, hormones, chemical and medicinal components, PlaPlamela L-carnitine does not cause adverse reactions and addiction.
To achieve the best effect, it is recommended to take the supplement 1 tablet 2 times a day for half an hour before meals. The course of 30 days.
Contraindications: Hypersensitivity of the components.
Improves memory and mental alertness, helps cope with stress and chronic fatigue, is easily and quickly absorbed.
PlaPlamela L-carnitine helps to cope with stress, fatigue and irritability. The active ingredients have a positive effect on the liver, kidneys, heart and overall body condition
Free hotline: 8 800 100 16 70 2.
The drug contains essential vitamins B1, B6 and B12, which are necessary for the regulation of metabolic processes in the central and peripheral nervous system 1 . The combined use of B vitamins increases their effectiveness. The drug fills vitamin deficiencies in the body, reduces pain and accelerates recovery in people with neurological diseases: neuritis, neuralgia, radicular syndrome against osteochondrosis 1 .
3. Complivit Anti-stress.
In addition to 10 vitamins and 4 minerals, this dietary supplement contains motherwort extract and ginkgo biloba extract – components that improve memory and attention, reduce anxiety and irritability 2 . “Calm Complex” – magnesium, motherwort extract and B vitamins – increases the natural resistance of the nervous system to psycho-emotional stress 2 . The dietary supplement is recommended to use during periods of high stress and the lack of vitamins and minerals in the body 2.
4. Vitrum Superstress Plus
B vitamins, vitamins E, C and PP, biotin and iron. The formula replenishes vitamin and mineral deficiencies during periods of high physical, mental and emotional stress. The producer promises that after 10 days of taking the dietary supplement, sleep will normalize, increased irritability and chronic fatigue will pass. As a bonus, the skin condition will improve, nails will become stronger and hair will become shinier.
5. Berocca Plus
The dietary supplement contains B vitamins, ascorbic acid, magnesium, calcium and zinc. The dietary supplement normalizes metabolic processes, strengthens the immune system, improves the central and peripheral nervous system. It is recommended to take this food supplement in case of vitamin deficiency, central nervous system disorders, endocrine disorders, and during periods of mental and emotional stress.
6. Milgamma Compositum
Two active components of the drug are pyridoxine (vitamin B6) and benfothiamine (a fat-soluble derivative of vitamin B1).3 Acting together, vitamins B1 and B6 have anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects and help restore normal nervous system functions 3 . Milgammu Compositum is recommended for night cramps, neuritis, neuralgia, paresis and other inflammatory and degenerative diseases of the nerves and musculoskeletal system 3 .
7. Magne B6
The food supplement contains vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) and magnesium, an essential macronutrient which participates in the transmission of nerve impulses and muscle contraction 4 . Vitamin B6 is essential to the normal functioning of the nervous system 4 . Magnesium B6 helps with sleep disturbances, palpitations, increased irritability and fatigue, muscle pain and cramps 4 .
8. Alphabet Antistress
Vitamin-mineral complex contains B vitamins, magnesium and valerian extract. Active ingredients reduce the sensitivity of the nervous system to negative external influences, help reduce anxiety and irritability, reduce internal stress. The daily dose is 1 tablet of white, green and blue.
9. Vitatress .
Vitamin-mineral complex from Russian manufacturer contains B vitamins, ascorbic acid, vitamins A, E and PP as well as potassium, calcium, copper, phosphorus, iron and glutamic acid 5 . The preparation helps the body to adapt to stressful situations and extreme external factors: sharp changes of climate, atmospheric pressure changes. Vitatress increases physical endurance and stimulates brain function 5 .
10. Magnesium Diasporeal 300
The dietary supplement is available in the form of granules for preparation of a solution for oral administration 6 . After dissolving, you get a bright yellow drink with an orange flavor. Each serving of the dietary supplement contains 1.83 g of highly digestible magnesium citrate combined with riboflavin. The supplement is recommended if you have symptoms of magnesium deficiency: insomnia, muscle pain, irritability, or conversely, constant fatigue and lethargy 6 .
How to choose vitamins for the nervous system in adults
There are many supplements and vitamin complexes, so among them it is not easy to find those that will fully meet the body’s needs for useful substances. When choosing the best vitamins for the nervous system for adults, you need to consider such criteria as:
- overall benefit – how useful the drug is not only for the nervous system, but also for the body as a whole;
- formula – composition, origin and form of the components;
- additional ingredients – whether the composition contains any plant extracts, macro- and microelements, fillers, and sweeteners;
- Possible risks – whether the vitamins have any side effects and what they are;
- Effectiveness – how quickly positive changes occur when taking vitamins;
- Limitations – what are the contraindications to taking them;
- the regimen – in how much and for how long to take the drug.
Many people also pay attention to the country of manufacture, the manufacturing company, the amount of packaging, and the form of the drug. Some people find it difficult to swallow tablets, so they prefer soft gelatin capsules and solutions.
Physician reviews of vitamins for the nervous system for adults
Doctors often prescribe vitamin and mineral complexes to strengthen the nervous system, the prevention and treatment of neurological diseases. However, experts note that fatigue, increased irritability, sleep disorders are not always associated with hypovitaminosis, but can be symptoms of disease. In such cases, it is better to visit a doctor and have an examination.
Popular Questions and Answers
We asked our experts several questions about choosing and taking vitamins: Nikolai Dubinin, a sanitary doctor and nutrition expert, and Mikhail Kutushov, a doctor-toxicologist and professor at the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences.
When should I take vitamins for the nervous system in adults?
– In general, taking vitamins to strengthen the nervous system will be useful:
– students and schoolchildren in periods of increased mental and emotional stress; – professional athletes; – people of intellectual work; – patients with neuritis and neuralgia; – people who smoke; – those who have suffered a strong emotional shock or are under stress; – People who work in harsh environments; – Vegetarians and those who follow a strict diet; – Men and women over 45 years of age; – People who are recovering from a serious long-term illness, including coronavirus infection; – Patients in the rehabilitation period after a stroke.
Before taking vitamin complexes, it is always necessary to consult a specialist. The doctor will select the drug taking into account the age, sex, health status and lifestyle of the person.
What components should be included in the best vitamins for the nervous system in adults?
– Scientists have long since figured out what vitamins, minerals and other biologically active substances are needed for the health of the nervous system. It is generally accepted that dietary supplements and vitamin and mineral complexes should include:
– B vitamins (B1, B3, B4, B5, B6, B9, B12) – they regulate the vascular, hormonal system, help restore energy balance; – Vitamin C – supports the nervous system under severe mental stress and strain, prevents the destruction and loss of nerve cells, helps fight depression and seasonal moping; – Polyunsaturated fatty acids Omega-3 – they stimulate metabolic processes in neurons, contribute to the absorption of glucose by the brain – Magnesium and calcium – improve the conductivity of nervous tissue, helps to combat stress – Glucose is the “fuel” for the brain and nervous system – Vitamin A – improves the regeneration of nerve cells and helps protect neurons from damage – Lecithin – improves brain function.
Nutritional supplements may also contain extracts of motherwort, valerian and ginkgo biloba. They have a calming and relaxing effect and improve brain function.
What foods are good for the nervous system?
– Nutrition directly affects the state of the nervous system. The menu should therefore necessarily be rich in B vitamins, polyunsaturated fatty acids, calcium, magnesium, vitamins E and C. To increase resistance to stress and reduce the risk of nervous disorders, it is necessary to include in the diet:
– fish and seafood; – legumes; – spinach; – dairy and dairy products; – chocolate with at least 70% cocoa beans; – eggs; – walnuts and almonds; – by-products – liver, tongue.
Glucose is necessary for normal functioning of the nervous system. This does not mean that you have to eat sugar by the spoonful, but it’s wrong to refuse it completely. The most useful sources of glucose are considered to be fruit and chocolate.