The problem of parent-child relationships arguments
Sophia Famusova, who grew up in an atmosphere of lies and deceit, carefully hides her feelings from her father, understanding that he will not allow the development of relations with Molchalin. She does everything in defiance of her father. Molchalin, on the contrary, is faithful to his moral (or immoral) credo, builds his life, as his father bequeathed: to please all people without exception. Griboyedov gives the reader an opportunity to contemplate the future of both characters.
2. A.S. Pushkin’s “Captain’s Daughter”
The upbringing of Petrusha Grinev remains beyond the pages of the text, but the main thing that the young nobleman learned from his interaction with his father (a strict and demanding man) is the need to be true to his word, to guard his honor, to observe the laws of morality. He does this in all situations of life. Even when his father forbids him to marry his beloved Masha Mironova, he accepts his will as a binding requirement.
3. n.V. Gogol “Dead Souls”
From Chichikov’s childhood memories, the image of a grim, unkind, cruel father and his admonitions about the need to cherish and save a penny, the only idol in Pavel Ivanovich’s life, resurfaces. Chichikov builds his life according to his father’s precepts and succeeds in many ways.
4. A. N. Ostrovsky “The Thunderstorm”
The relationship between mother and children in the Kabanov family is based on fear and hypocrisy. Varvara is used to lying and tries to teach it to Katerina. But her brother’s wife had a different relationship in the family; she does not accept her mother-in-law’s sanctimony and fights it with her own means. The finale of this upbringing is predictable: Varvara runs away from home, Katerina leaves voluntarily, Tikhon rebels against his mother.
5. I.S. Turgenev “Fathers and Children”
“Children” in the novel – Bazarov and Arkady Kirsanov – in the beginning of the narrative act as a united front against the “fathers” in the person of Arkady’s uncle – Pavel Petrovich. Nikolai Petrovich does not resist the bold and impertinent statements of his son and his friend. And he acts wisely and far-sightedly. Gradually, Arkady discovers many inconsistencies in the behavior of his friend, and he returns to the fold of the family. And Bazarov, who so easily criticizes Kirsanov’s “romanticism,” is absolutely reverent about this behavior of his father, because he loves his parents and cherishes them.
6. L.N. Tolstoy’s War and Peace
There are several families in the novel, each of which is based on certain principles. In the Kuraghin family it is the principle of profit and gain. Both the father and his children agree to any relationship, as long as it is profitable, which is how marriages are arranged. The Drubetsky family follows the same principle: humiliation and servility are their means to an end. The Rostovs live like they breathe: they enjoy friends, holidays, hunting – everything that adorns our lives. Father and mother try to be honest with their children and each other in everything. Profit is not important to them. Practically ruining her family and herself, Natasha demands that the wagons be given to the wounded, the only thing a true patriot and merciful person can do. And her mother agrees with her daughter. The relationship between father and daughter Bolkonsky is similar. And although it seems that the father is too strict and intolerant towards his daughter, in fact, he understands all too well the difficulties of his daughter’s upcoming life. That is why Princess Marya herself refuses Anatole Kuragin, realizing how right her father is.
7. F.M. Dostoyevsky “Crime and Punishment”
Rodion Raskolnikov, explaining the reason for killing the old moneylender woman, says that he wanted to help his mother. In fact, he is very much in awe of his mother, trying to break out of the vicious circle of poverty. He recalls with trepidation and excitement his father, from whom he was left a watch (pledged to the old money-lender). The mother does not believe to the end in the crime of her beloved Roddy.
8. A.P. Chekhov’s “The Cherry Orchard.”
In the play, the daughter Anya, a seventeen-year-old girl, goes after her prodigal mother, lost somewhere in Paris, to bring her back into the fold of the family, to solve problems with the estate. Ranevskaya behaves naively and foolishly. Only Varya, the adopted daughter of the same Ranevskaya, has common sense. When Lyubov Andreevna gives a passing beggar a gold coin, Varya cannot stand it and says that there is nothing to eat in the house, and the baroness is throwing such money around. Having lost everything, Ranevskaya leaves for Paris and takes her aunt’s money and leaves her daughters to their fate. Girl Anya goes to the capital, and how her life will develop, where she will get money to live – it is not clear. Varya goes to be a housekeeper. Fathers and children switch places here.
9. M.A. Sholokhov “The Quiet Don”.
Everything in the Melekhov family rests on the power of the father. And when Pantelei Prokofievich learns about Grigory’s relationship with Aksinya, he decides to marry his son to Natalia. Grigory submits to his father’s will. But, realizing that he does not love his wife, he leaves everything and goes with Aksinya to work. He agrees to the shame in the name of love. But time destroys everything in the world, and the Melekhovs’ house and the foundations of Cossack life crumble. And soon no one obeys the laws of life, everyone lives as they wish. Daria steps on her father-in-law with an indecent proposal, and Dunyashka puts her mother in a hopeless position and literally forces her to bless her marriage to Mishka Koshev.
10. B. Vasilyev “Tomorrow Was War”.
The story centers on the two families of Iskra Polyakova and Vika Lyuberetskaya. Iskra’s mother is a female commissar, strong-willed, authoritative and strict. But when the mother once again decides to whip her daughter with a soldier’s belt, she responds in the spirit of her mother – just as strict and irrevocably. And the mother realizes that the girl has grown up. Vika has a very different relationship with her father – warm and trusting. When the girl faces a choice: to abandon her father or be expelled from the Komsomol, Vika decides to leave her life. She cannot give up on her beloved father, no matter what suspicions might fall on him.
Arguments from literature and life for an essay on “Intergenerational Relationships” (USE in Russian)
The theme of “Relations between generations” is raised in many works of Russian and foreign classics, so this problem is revealed in all written works on the Russian language, in particular in the essay of the USE, for which arguments from fiction and life are needed. As a rule, writers consider several options for the interaction of representatives of different generations: inexhaustible conflict or complete mutual understanding and harmony. Then the reasons for the confrontation or ways of finding compromise and spiritual rapprochement are found out.
Our team has made a selection of the most relevant examples, where the topic of intergenerational relations is covered from different sides.These materials will be appropriate to use not only on the USE, but also in other tests on the Russian language.
Author’s attitude to the problem
The theme of intergenerational relations is an eternal theme of Russian and foreign literature. Since ancient times, it is raised in his work the most famous writers and philosophers. Relationships between parents and children can be friendly, imbued with care and tenderness, built on mutual respect and boundless love. But sometimes we have to deal with difficult relationships between close people, sometimes even dramatic, leading to irreparable consequences. Very often parents and children cannot find a common language, maintain understanding and live in harmony. The conflict of generations is inevitable, because the representatives of each have their own worldview and personal experience, but to smooth the friction is quite possible, you just need to try.
- Parents and children are two different worlds that find it difficult to understand each other.
- Youth is characterized by radical views, and mature age is more conservative.
- The problem of the relationship will always be relevant, because time and culture do not stand still.
- The older generation, based on their own experience, believes that they have every right to tell the younger generation how to live.
- It is necessary to be more tolerant to each other in order to achieve mutual understanding.
- The younger generation always has something to learn from the older ones.
- Age should be respected.
- The younger generation is always different because they live in a new era.
- It is only in our hands to increase or decrease the gap between the generations.
- It is very difficult for people belonging to different generations to understand each other.
Epithets to the word “relationship.”
Harmonious, interpersonal, camaraderie, friendship, personal, love, family, close, amazing, strange, long-standing, new, personal, steady, proven, enduring, strong, social, relational, business, long-lasting, class, emotional, long, lasting, legal, sincere, peaceful, human, positive, special, professional, special, beautiful, present, definite, specific, unearthly, spirited, following, own, other, trusting, buddy, informal, formal, stable, benevolent, wholesome, peculiar, lasting, ideal, exemplary, reverent, touching, social.
Conflicted, uneasy, tense, cold, incomprehensible, pressing, over, terminated, terminated, difficult, heavy, profitable, self-serving, strained, humiliating, ambiguous, false, feigned, deceitful, false, satisfying, painful, scandalous.
Epithets to the word “generation”
Coming, succeeding, new, old, past, future, hereditary, postwar, modern, present, previous, moral, educated, educated, old, young, adult, whole, last, revolutionary, courageous, brave, current, old, happy, different, given, amazing, glorious, present, human, aristocratic, powerful, special, growing up, nearest, romantic.
Lost, worse, fallen, questionable, despicable, wretched, hateful, doomed, wretched, damaged, rotten, dark, bloody, cruel, shameful, degenerate, tragic, gloomy.
Synonyms for the word “relationship.”
Relationship, connection, bonding, bonding, communication.
Synonyms for the word “generation.”
Descendants, lineage, era, tribe, legacy, stage, era.
Examples from fiction
- A.S. Griboyedov “Woe from Wit”
At the center of the plot of A.S. Griboyedov’s comedy is the confrontation of the century of the present and the century of the past. This confrontation is manifested in the sharply opposite choice of values and ideals of the two generations. Famusov’s society was used to humiliating itself before those who had power. They did so not out of fear, but for their own benefit. This generation was subject to the influence of everything foreign, in addition Famusov was a staunch adherent of serfdom. He was capable of exiling any of his peasants to penal servitude for a minor offence. The hatred of enlightenment and officialdom completes the image of Famusov in all its beauty.
Representatives of the past century were proud of their unenlightened class, they saw in science a threat to their power and superiority. All the pleasure of life of the Russian nobility lay in sleep, food, and amusement. The ideal setting for such a nobleman was vulgar intrigue and silly gossip. This society has its own way of life, its own ideals and values. They are truly convinced that wealth, high office, and universal respect are most important. Griboyedov was very concerned about the fate of his homeland, so he exposed the Famusov society in his comedy and showed where they can lead Russia.
This generation is replaced by a new one, the representative of which was Chatsky, it is in his monologues the author puts his denunciatory speeches. The main character belonged to the progressive youth, which was considered not just intelligent, but impermissibly free-thinking. This era is very different from the previous one: the principles of serfdom are rejected, achievement is encouraged rather than subordination to a superior, science and art in all its manifestations are highly valued.
Chatsky expresses the opinion of his entire generation, which is the rejection of all foreignness, hatred of the serf system, and slavish humiliation before a higher rank. Representatives of this generation hold the Russian people in high esteem: their strength, intelligence, and endurance. They believe in the bright future of their fatherland and urge to keep up with the times.
A.S. Griboedov wanted to show that the conflict of generations is inevitable, because each era has its own historical events, influencing the formation of characters and worldviews. That is why completely different views on life appear in the close people.
I.S. Turgenev’s novel Fathers and Children is the most striking example of a work of fiction that reveals the conflict of generational relationships. The main character of the novel is Evgeny Bazarov, a true representative of the new generation that adheres to the nihilistic ideology. His views are not contrived, he is indeed an ardent follower of this trend, unlike his friend Arkady Kirsanov, who later will abandon this innovative philosophy.
The younger generation is opposed by the older generation, represented by Arkady’s father and uncle, Nikolai Petrovich and Pavel Petrovich Kirsanov, who hold more conservative views. Bazarov’s parents can also be referred to the same generation, although their way of life differed significantly from the Kirsanovs’ house.
The main character’s worldview is based on the renunciation of all established foundations and generally accepted ideals. He recognizes no one’s opinion but his own, is indifferent to the past, loves an active lifestyle, and does not tolerate idleness and procrastination. Eugene is not satisfied with the established social order, so his ideology implies the destruction of all the usual orders. The problem is that this kind of behavior is set up only for destruction, nothing new is offered in return.
Arkady’s father and uncle, on the contrary, are trying by all means to preserve the established way of life and the entire current system as a whole. They are not satisfied with only one thing in the modern world: the existence of a nihilistic philosophy and the destruction of centuries-old traditions. Pavel Petrovich ironically remarked that those people who used to be called chumps are now called nihilists. The rejection of this kind of innovation does not imply any kind of inferiority or insecurity of the older generation. For example, Pavel Petrovich was not afraid of the condemnation of society, and built his happiness with Fenechka, despite her low origin.
The main similarity between the representatives of the two eras is that they are all fierce defenders of their views and ideas. The intergenerational conflict in Ivan S. Turgenev’s novel ends with the victory of experience and life wisdom belonging to the older generation.