Open class hour “Peace begins with respect”.
Respect is expensive. Every person needs respect, like bread and air. Without it it is hard to breathe and live. It allows you to grow and love, and heals the wounds of facing a cruel world.
Kl. hour – the topic: “The world begins with respect”.
– to educate students in a respectful attitude towards the human person, – to teach them to assess themselves and others correctly, – to develop moral values.
– to clarify the content and necessity of the moral norms of respect and self-respect;
– to form their own attitude towards respect as a moral category;
– to develop skills of interpersonal interaction;
– to identify different ways of forming respect and self-respect among students.
Materials and equipment: Desks, chairs, computer, projector, presentation, sheets of A4 paper, pens, applications, reminders.
Process of the class hour.
1. Introduction to the topic
The class starts with a greeting. All participants shake hands with their neighbors, smile at each other and then take seats in three groups.
Teacher: The Chinese thinker Shou Dao once told his students, “Show respect to those who deserve it, for there is no shame in it; show respect to those who covet it, for there is nothing difficult about it; show respect to those who are not worthy of it, for there is something worthy of respect in everyone.”
Many years have passed since the world first heard these words, yet …..( attention to screen, watching video ) (Slide 2). Teacher: Why do you think the topic of respect was, is and will always be relevant? Indicative answers from pupils: (Appendix 1)
– probably, in interpersonal communication, respect plays a very positive role;
-People probably value this feeling and quality very much; people strive for good and kind, and respect can be seen as a demonstration of kindness, warmth and care;
Mutual respect is a guarantee of good-hearted relations between people, a guarantee of effective work in the collective.
The teacher: So, respect is an important moral category, and you, people who are still learning how to build your relations with others, have something to discuss today at our homeroom class, form your attitude toward respect as a moral category.
2. “Association Row.”
(Slide 3) Now it’s time to define what respect is. Continue the associative row: Respect is… Pupils work in groups, you may refer to Annex 2 and then one representative from each group in turn continues the row started on the slide.
Benchmark. Answers (Annex 2)
is respect, admiration, acknowledgement of merits, an indication of merits, appreciation, desire to be like them, admiration, giving honors, recognizing the equality of all people, it is an attitude of one person to another, recognizing their merits,
it is a sign of attention to the elder or junior, freedom and trust,
it is the ability to reckon with the interests of others, to see and recognize their merits, to notice their individuality, to interact without causing moral or physical harm.
is the ability to accept without judgment the actions, behavior, and statements of another person, even if we do not share or do not understand their motives; it is a human relationship built on kindness, empathy, and caring.
Quite right. And, as we can see, it is no accident that many people try to gain the respect of others.
Okay. Now let’s define with you what respect is.
Respect is a respectful attitude based on the recognition of someone’s merits.
( Slide 4) (video about people worthy of respect)
Teacher: Do you think these human qualities are worthy of respect? Pupils’ answers:……
(Slide 5) “Human essence is present only in communication, in the unity of man with man. (L. Feuerbach, German philosopher).
You are already in 9th grade. Many of you will soon be away from the people closest to you. How will you behave among strangers, unfamiliar faces, they are also different?
Teacher: There are often situations in life where people try to put themselves above others. Then communication between people is disrupted, which means it is difficult to communicate with such a person. It is important to remember that a respectful attitude towards each other is the basis of any team, the basis of friendship, the basis of love. You must not forget about tolerance.
If you want to be respected, respect others. You deserve respect if you respect others. The students work in groups, and then one representative from each group continues the series begun on the slide.
( Slide 6) Continue the phrase: WE HAVE RESPECT FOR A MAN, FOR WHAT HE IS…
Guiding student responses (Appendix 3)
respects us, reliable, responsive, fair, determined,
Courageous, positive, always speaks in a respectful, friendly tone, listens carefully to what you say, can remain self-controlled in any situation, is calm, open-minded and open; smiles when talking to others; does at least one good deed every day, does not complain about failures but learns from them; treats his partner as if he were the most important person in the world, can praise others sincerely without sucking up,
does not pretend to please others; is liked by others as he really is, is constantly working on his behavior and reputation.
“There is only one undoubted happiness in life – to live for another.” (L.N. Tolstoy)
3. ( Slide 7) “The proverb is not in vain.”
Teacher: Folk wisdom has always been concentrated in proverbs and sayings. In them, ordinary people expressed their attitude toward human virtues and flaws, including respect and disrespect.
And now I suggest you work with proverbs. You need to collect a proverb, sound it out and explain it.
Pupils work in groups with proverbs (Appendix 4)
To bow – the head will not fall off. (Russian)
Where there is wit, there is respect. (Abkhazian).
Who does not respect himself, others will not respect him either. (Russian)
Respect a man, but don’t lose your dignity. (Russian)
You won’t make people respect you. (Mongolian)
Not expensive dinner, dear hello. (Russian)
You can’t make a bad man respect you. (Russian)
Don’t try to win favour, but respect. (Kabardian)
For fake respect don’t expect reverence. (Russian)
Respect is difficult to earn, but easy to lose. (Russian)
Good brings wealth and respect, evil brings curse and humiliation. (Lezginskaya)
If you respect people, you show respect to yourself. (Kazakh).
Woe and doom for the people whose juniors stop respecting their elders. (Abkhazian)
Teacher: What feelings and thoughts are expressed in these proverbs?
The children’s statements suggest that respect in all cultures is respected as an important virtue, while contempt, insolence, disrespect, and disregard are condemned.
Teacher: Let’s take a look at another folk tradition that your classmates will tell you about.
The pupils read from their seats (appendix 5)
1. Did you know that the tradition of honoring elders has its roots in the distant past?
2. The Russian peasants, while instilling love of their homeland in children and teaching them about the heroic deeds of their ancestors, also tried to show them that love for the motherland begins with love for parents and with respect for elders. The Slavs considered honoring the father and mother to be the main human virtue.
3. According to peasant ethics, the requirements of which adolescents were to learn, not only parents were worthy of respect, but also in general all older people. And adolescents were not supposed to decide for themselves whether this or that old man was worthy or not of their care, reverence, and respect. According to Slavs, elders demand respect for themselves already because they have lived a long, hard life and have done a lot for people. 4.A great role in fostering this feeling in children played fairy tales and byvalshchik – instructive character. In the evenings in warm huts, grandparents told their grandchildren real stories about how respect given to an old man brought a child good luck.
5. The sense of respect for elders was also incorporated into the flesh and blood of children through examples from the life of their own family and the whole village community. At family meals, the elderly were given a place of honor, the adult members of the family were attentive to the old, overworked grandfather, asking his advice. At a village gathering, the opinion of the elders on this or that issue was often decisive. Teacher: What kind of tradition is this?
Pupils’ answers ….
Teacher: And what is the attitude towards older people in our society?
Almost every one of us can recall an incident that he or she witnessed when older people were treated disrespectfully, were told an insulting word, or were simply forgotten about. After all, not only physical force, but also words and inattention can hurt just as badly. Such misconduct is blatant cruelty and immorality.
Why is this possible in a civilized society and how can we overcome the disrespect for others?
Pupils’ answers ….
Teacher: Many young people treat elderly people disrespectfully and inattentively, not thinking that someday they will be treated the same way. Be attentive and tolerant to the elderly every day, because they need our care. And remember that we will all grow old at some point, and treat those around us as you would like them to treat you.
Let’s love, respect and appreciate the elderly, they need us, our warmth and attention.
4. Verbal portraiture Teacher: Let’s try to make a portrait of a respectful person. What moral qualities underlie such a person? What should a respectful person do regularly and what should they never do? Pupils work in groups, and then a representative of each group reads the scheme in turn.
How to teach your child to respect their elders: tips for parents
Many parents face the problem of their children’s lack of any respect for adults. Very often it happens that they themselves are not the authority for their child. He no longer listens to you or to others, he becomes simply uncontrollable. Teachers and teachers complain about him, and your relatives smile puzzled and look at you obliquely during family dinners.
“How do I teach my child to respect their elders?” or “What do I do if my child doesn’t respect adults?” – is one of the eternal problems of “fathers and children”, which can be solved if you adhere to some recommendations of psychologists in parenting. Let’s break them down in detail.
Be the authority
Authority and respect are on the same scale in society. In children the same way. But on its own authority does not come, its acquisition – it is a painstaking work of the father and mother.
The parents’ authority in the eyes of the child is formed from their relationship to each other, to relatives, friends and others, from their behavior in the family circle, in society. He sees it all and sincerely accepts.
First of all, it is necessary to treat each other and others with respect, to avoid all kinds of conflicts in the presence of children. Over time, the child will form a similar pattern of behavior and the word “respect” will not be new to him.
A parent’s word should be unquestionable, like a law. To do this, you need to keep your promises. If you promised to buy a toy, buy it. You said, “I’ll punish you,” so punish me. Even if you feel sorry for him, or have no desire to, or have long forgiven.
Yes. But you will be for him the authority, and your “word” will have weight.
Don’t punish or humiliate in public.
Walking around the mall on a day off, you often see a picture of how at first there is a loud child’s roar and shout of an excited mother, then there is a “happy family”.
Maybe the baby threw a tantrum, and the mother could not think of anything else to do, as to express all their resentment in front of the casual audience. Maybe he was just spoiling, and his parents decided to bring him up immediately “to the fullest extent of the law.
Either way, it’s not the best decision for an adult to make. Yelling in the presence of strangers will not elevate you in the eyes of others, or in the eyes of the child. He will feel public humiliation and resentment. Such a scenario can be repeated further and further to infinity.
The best option is to say, “You will be spoiled, come home, I will punish you.
In response, he can pretend that he did not hear, and continue to have fun in spite of you. After a while he will calm down, and you can calmly continue your walk. In any case, when you come home you need to keep your promise.
The next time your child will be more supportive and responsive to your comment about the behavior.
You want your child to respect their elders, respect them yourself.
Two Parents, One Opinion
Anyone can say in a story about his family that our mom is, say, very strict, and dad is kind, or vice versa. Yes, it happens. Everyone has different characters, and everyone takes part in raising children to a different degree.
Despite this, the child must understand that the parents always have the same opinion and decision. If you were praised, given a task, punished by one, the other should not cancel it. When there are disputes, it is better to discuss the issue in private and agree.
Otherwise, parents undermine their own authority and bring up an inconsistent attitude. Later it will affect the respect for them and their opinion.
Etiquette are the rules of people’s behavior in society, which have existed since ancient times.
To address to “you”, to give way, to open the door, to respect elders, manners at the table, in guests – these are only a few of the rules of good manners. They are very important for the formation of personality.
Teach them from childhood and over time you will get your dividends. A child will learn to behave in a society, to meet and get along with people, will be a confident person with whom to communicate pleasantly and want to be friends. And you will see your child as a polite, cultured and successful man.
Set an example
Show them by your own example how to be polite and respectful to people. This will greatly accelerate the learning of etiquette. Children will see your style of behavior, and copy it.
Teach how to say “thank you” and “please. Say it yourself, to the waiter at the cafe, to the ice cream vendor. Let them repeat it after you.
Teach to apologize if you pushed someone or stepped on someone’s foot. Do not discuss in their presence their relatives, friends, and others. Explain that they must not do this either, much less discuss their elders.
Give way in public transport or queues to seniors. Explain that you should respect adults.
Show by personal example what you want from the pupil. Be a good example.
Labor and Care
Give your son or daughter a few chores to do around the house. This can be taking care of the animals, cleaning, doing the dishes, watering the flowers, etc. This teaches them not only how to keep the house in order but also how to take care of the work of others.
Ask them to help you with as much as they can. Encourage them to take the initiative. Let them do the work. Let it become their responsibility. This way you will not only shorten your to-do list, but also bring up your children to care and be responsible to you.
Draw a line.
Consider the following situation.
A family holiday, a big feast, where all the relatives are gathered. All the guests are sitting at one table enjoying the food. There is a heated discussion of life news, memories of the past, friends and acquaintances. Everyone is laughing. Children join in the conversation, joining in the discussion, all amused. One of the adults talks to someone else’s child, who rudely responds. The fun only increases. A classic example from life. Sound familiar?
What’s wrong with that?
When raising the younger generation it is important to clearly see and mark the boundary between children and adults, between the zone of what is allowed and what is not.
In our example, it may take the form of creating a separate area, a separate table for the children. And, perhaps, a separate room. This way, the children will be shielded from general conversation and conversation. They themselves will have more fun. They will be able to get in touch with each other faster, make friends, discuss their topics, and play interesting games. And in relation to their elders, they will behave more restrained and modestly.
Thus, the younger generation will learn subconsciously sense distance, and in the future he will not have the desire to interrupt the older, rude response or meddle in someone else’s conversation.
Do not overdo it
Using the above recommendations, it is important to have a sense of proportion. Education is a delicate matter. And here it is not necessary to go to extremes.
You need to be strict and loving at the same time, punish – but not beat and not abuse, give tasks that are only within your power, listen and be able to negotiate.
Be serious educators, but don’t forget that they are children. Childhood is given to a person once, it should be interesting and fun, not hard and sad. The child will only be grateful to you and will respect you. You will bring up a successful and strong person in him/her, you will be able to be useful to them and lean on them in difficult times.
Extracurricular activity 2 Taking care of elders to create conditions for the education of love and respect for relatives and friends, knowledge of their family name, first name and patronymic of their parents, their family line and genealogy.
Educational: -form ideas about the family, about kinship relations, about family duties, traditions, relics, professions. Developing: -develop logical thinking. Educational: -Teach children to develop love and respect for their family members, the desire to express their feelings to their loved ones; understanding the need to take care of the weak, sick and old family members; the desire to support the traditions of their family, to keep family relics.
– projector – computer – presentation
– Hello, children. I am very glad to see you! My name is Anastasia Sergeyevna. Have a seat. Your back is straight, legs at a 90-degree angle, hands shelved on the desk. I hope you will be attentive and active today! Guys, listen to the riddles and try to guess them 1. There’s no one in the world more dear to her, Fairer and kinder. I’ll tell you straight, my friends – She’s the best in the world… (A slide with a photo of Mum appears)
2. Who, not in jest, but seriously, Will teach us to hammer a nail? Who will teach us to be brave? If you fall down, do not whine, And scratch your knee, Do not cry? Of course, … (slide with photo of daddy)
(Slide with daddy’s photo) 3. He didn’t work from boredom, He has calluses on his hands, And now he is old and gray My dear, beloved …(Grandfather) (slide) What word can all these words be combined with?
– What do you think we will talk about in today’s lesson? – That’s right, today we will talk about family, about the dearest and closest to us people. -Guys, what does the word family conjure up in your mind? – So, family is people who don’t always live together, but they never forget to take care of each other. And most importantly, they are family to each other. What is the topic of our class? Who can articulate the goal? To learn how to take care of our elders and loved ones
Tale-Parable In the distant past, or maybe not so distant past, there was an old man. He was many years old. Over the years, his eyes became hard to see, his knees trembled, and he could no longer hear the world around him. He lived with his son and his wife and their little son. That’s all he had to do was talk to his son and daughter-in-law. -Son, tell me what the newspapers say, what people say. -“I have no time to talk to you, father,” says the son. – I have to sow the field, feed the cattle, you’re lying on the stove, so lie down. You’d better talk to your daughter-in-law. -I don’t have time for idle talk. I have to knead bread and bake pies. Talk to your grandson. He has nothing to do. The old man lies there, tears streaming down his cheeks. He remembers his life. How he fought, what a brave soldier he was, how he freed his children and grandson. A little time has passed. The old man is completely exhausted. “Listen, husband,” says my daughter-in-law. My father drops all the food on the floor, I only have time to clean up the crumbs. He can’t sit at the table with us anymore, let him eat behind the stove. And I’ll buy him a wooden spoon and a bowl, so he won’t break the good dishes. Since then, the old man sat behind the stove all the time alone. He ate from a wooden bowl and a wooden spoon. And his soup was salty-salty because it consisted half of his bitter tears. One day the mother saw that her little son brought a piece of wood from the barn and began to carve something out of it with a knife. He sat there all day long. So the mother decided to ask her son what he was working so hard at. -Tell me, my dear son, what do you do so well? -The wooden spoons and bowls, – answers the son. – When you are old, from what bowls will I feed you? You will not break or drop these when I bring you food from behind the stove. Only then did the son and daughter-in-law realize what they had done. They sat the grandfather down at the table, and started to treat him with pies and kissels, to ask for advice and to share their worries. They understood what they had done. Thank God, they realized it in time. Guys, what was the story about? (About the relationship between old people and their children. About the respectful attitude of the younger to the older generation.) -Why did their attitude toward Grandpa change? -Right. It is very encouraging that the children of this old man realized their mistake in time. But there are situations in life when children forget their parents, do not visit them if they are near, do not write letters if they are far away. It’s bitter and scary.
– Guys, we met some interesting works today. Did they teach you anything? – What did you understand? Let’s try to make rules about how you can and should take care of your elders. Let’s work in pairs. You have sheets of paper on your desks. Read them and think about what rules we can take to make our memo. – Visit often. – Invite you to visit. – Greet you on holidays. – To help with chores. – Say nice and kind words. – Talk to them about good things. – To do Such a memo we have got. I hope you will remember these rules and use them in your families. I want to give you these cards as a memento of our lesson. I think you will find them useful.
-Family is a world of closest people. Love, care, harmony and respect for parents are the foundation of a family. I want you to learn a very important thing in your life – to learn how to thank those who do much good for you – your nearest and dearest.
I suggest you evaluate your activities in class. If you liked the class hour, you were interested, you did not have any difficulties – press the circle And if you were difficult, not interesting – a triangle – Thank you for the lesson. Goodbye!