How do you think a person should behave?

Read D. S. Likhachev’s reflections and do the assignments.

A man should be intelligent! And if intelligence will make him a “black sheep” among his coworkers, friends, relatives, will simply interfere with his rapprochement with other people?

No, no and no! Intelligence is needed under all circumstances. It is necessary both for those around him and for the person himself.

Many people think: an intelligent person is the one who has read a lot, received a good education (even predominantly in the humanities), traveled a lot, knows several languages. But meanwhile it is possible to have all this and not to be intelligent, and it is possible not to possess any of this to a large extent, but still to be an intelligent person inwardly.

Deprive a truly intelligent person of his memory. He/she may forget everything, may not know classics of literature, may not remember the greatest works of art, may forget the most important historical events, but if he/she maintains sensitivity to intellectual values, aesthetic feeling, may distinguish a real work of art from a rough “contraption” made only for a surprise, if he/she can admire the beauty of nature, understand the character and individuality of another person, get into his/her position, and, having understood another person, help him/her, will not be rude or indifferent,

Intelligence is not only about knowledge, but also about the ability to understand another person.

1) Make a plan of the text.

2) According to D. S. Likhachev, what qualities do many people associate with intelligence?

3) What qualities are given in the text that are characteristic of a truly intelligent person? Underline at least four qualities in the text.

4) Explain the author’s statement that “intelligence is necessary both for those around you and for the man himself.

5) Two people were arguing to the point of squabbling, each defending his own point of view. Quietly, they began discussing each other’s personal qualities, and the discussion turned into mutual insults. For months the two men neither said hello to nor spoke to each other. Could such behavior be called intelligent? Why? Cite a fragment of text to help answer the question.

6) How do you think a person should behave whose “intellectualism would make him a ‘white sheep’ among his co-workers, friends, relatives, and would simply hinder his rapprochement with other people”?

Discussion of the question:

1) Make an outline of the text.

(1) Is there a need for intellectuals?

(2) Intelligence is necessary in all circumstances.

(3) An intellectual will always remain an intellectual

(2) According to D.S. Likhachev, what qualities do many people associate intelligence with?

Many think: an intelligent person is one who has read a lot, received a good education (and even predominantly humanities education), traveled a lot, knows several languages.

3) What qualities are given in the text that are characteristic of a truly intelligent person? Underline at least four qualities in the text.

Aesthetic flair, will be able to distinguish a real work of art from a rude “contraption” made only to surprise, if he can admire the beauty of nature, understand the character and individuality of another person, get into his position, and, having understood another person, help him, will not show rudeness, indifference, gloating, envy, but will appreciate another on merit. that will be an intelligent person.

4) Explain the author’s statement that “intelligence is necessary both for those around us and for the person himself.

According to Likhachev, intelligence is necessary in all circumstances, and it is necessary both for those around him and for the person himself. Many people believe that an intelligent person is one who has read a lot, received a good education, traveled a lot, knows several languages. But this opinion is mistaken. It is possible to have all this and be a non-intelligent person. And vice versa, it is possible not to possess all these things, but to be internally intelligent.

“Let a person forget everything in the world …, but if he retains receptivity to the acquisition of knowledge, interest in history, …, if he shows respect for the culture of the past, … – that will be an intelligent person,” – said Dmitry Likhachev. And even if a person will forget some historical events, but in any situation will be able to help another person, understanding his character and personality, then such a person can be safely called intelligent.

5) Two people were arguing until the end, each defending his point of view. Quietly, they began discussing each other’s personal qualities, and the discussion turned into mutual insults. For months the two men neither said hello to nor spoke to each other. Could such behavior be called intelligent? Why? Cite a fragment of text to help answer the question.

No, because an intelligent person will not argue and insult, but will try to understand the other point of view and avoid personalities.

6) How do you think a person should behave if his or her “intelligence will make him or her a “black sheep” among colleagues, friends, and relatives, and will simply prevent him or her from getting closer to other people”?

A person should continue to behave intellectually, it will in no way hinder his rapprochement and communication with other people.

I believe that a person becomes a personality when he has spiritual values and principles. A person’s personality gains volume and depth when he initiates his growth and development. When a person is a person, no one is ever able to make him a “white sheep. Because an intelligent person is already a personality, which has depth and volume, its own high standards and principles, and it does not accept labels imposed from outside.

Co-workers respect professionalism, which comes from the volume of a person’s personality. If an intelligent person is a professional in his business, then coworkers will be looking for ways to get close to him and learn from him. In addition, the rules of behavior with coworkers are stipulated by the corporate ethics.

How should a person behave

The question “how should a person behave” does not arise from nothing. It usually arises when our behavior does not lead to the results or reactions we expected. So how should a person behave?

How should a person behave: 5 basic principles

First of all, a person’s behavior must conform to certain goals and principles. The basic principles that characterize a strong and confident person are 5:

1. Integrity

Honesty is important not only in dealing with other people, but also with yourself. It is not easy to be honest with other people – telling the truth to people can sometimes be difficult. But it is still one of the most important qualities to strive for. Friends, loved ones, and just people around you all deserve the truth, and your task is to be truthful.

Being honest with yourself is a less obvious personality trait, but no less important. All kinds of promises to yourself, like “I’m going to start running on Monday” or “I’m going to the gym, but not today” are all manifestations of a lack of honesty to yourself. You need to be able to assess your capabilities, and to translate your intentions into reality.

2. The ability to keep promises.

Sad to say, words do not always translate into actions for many people. Despite the importance of this quality, it is not so difficult to keep it. First of all, you must not make promises that you will not be able to fulfill. It is better to promise nothing at all than to promise a lot, but to keep the word only half the time. Sometimes it is enough not to keep a promise once, to lose the trust of someone around you, which then will be very difficult to regain.

3. Calmness

Being able to behave calmly in any situation is an excellent quality that helps to make better decisions. The most significant situation in which it is important to be able to remain calm is, of course, relationships with people. Especially with loved ones, or with friends. It is not uncommon to have situations where excessive irascibility can ruin relationships for a long time, when it could have been avoided.

4. Professionalism .

Regardless of your specialty, you should always strive to achieve maximum results in your business. Our work is an integral part of our identity, and growing in that direction is a constant necessity. Your career can be complex and demanding, or it can be something as simple as that, but there is always something for you to do. And that ambition is the way to develop a strong personality.

5. Loyalty

When we talk about fidelity, we’re not just talking about marital fidelity. It’s about being true to yourself. You need to know exactly what your priorities are in life, what your values are, and not change them.

These five qualities are the benchmarks, regardless of your gender, age and profession. However, it is important to be able to behave decently in different situations encountered in life.

How a person should behave at work

No matter how high you climb, you have to do your job properly. No excuses like “too low a salary” or “I do too much” should not incline you to negligent performance of their duties. To be a decent person is to work with dignity.

How a person should behave with their loved ones

In relations with loved ones, it is always important to remember that there are many friends, but you always have only one family. So you should always remember how much good your relatives have done for you and forgive them a little more than everyone else.

How a man should behave in conflict situations

If you’re a man – then conflict situations, you do not have to avoid, but also do not provoke. Your task – to achieve the truth in a conflict situation, and if it is on your side, give your opponent to understand it.

If you are a woman – your strength is your confidence. Conflict – not a woman’s business, but to avoid them completely will not work. Your task – to make your opponent understand that you can not just take and hurt you with impunity.

Remember that there is no perfect model of behavior. It is important to listen to yourself and act in accordance with your principles.

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