Make an application on our website, we will contact you shortly and answer all your questions.
Chronic stress and constant mental overload can lead to unpleasant consequences in the form of the development of neurasthenia. An unstable emotional state affects the work and personal life. But neurosis, like any other disorder, can be treated with the help of professional specialists and various therapies. We will talk about this in more detail in this article.
What is neurasthenia and how does it develop?
Neurasthenia develops as a consequence of a disorder of the activity of the brain, namely the part that is responsible for the adaptation of the person. The consequences of neuralgia can affect not only the mental and emotional state of the patient, but also negatively affect the work of various body systems and internal organs, since the human body is all interconnected.
Anxiety causes a strong release of adrenaline, which increases the secretion of pituitary and insulin hormones that regulate the thyroid gland. Such hormones increase the likelihood of panic attacks.
How do you distinguish neurasthenia from other disorders?
People with an emotional disorder experience various feelings more emotionally than anyone else. Anger, anxiety, despair, aggression, and envy are just some of the manifestations of neurosis in a person. During these states, the patient experiences increased levels of stress, so they perceive negative situations more acutely and seriously than they actually are.
Neurosis is based on traumatic circumstances, psychological trauma, stress or prolonged emotional and intellectual overstrain. Neurasthenia is often experienced by people who have recently experienced serious emotional distress, the loss of loved ones.
People suffering from neurasthenia often deny their feelings, emotions, and try to detach themselves from their own reality. They have difficulty controlling and managing their emotions. The disorder deforms the patient’s rational thinking and does not allow them to function normally in the family, social and work spheres of life.
Symptoms of neurosis
Pathology manifests itself on both the physical and psycho-emotional levels. Among the physical symptoms are increased sweating, palpitations, chest pain and dry mouth, headaches, visual impairment, limb tremors, rashes on the skin, menstrual disorders in women.
Psychological symptoms: feeling of loss of control, feeling the person is “going crazy”, fear of sudden death, excessive anxiety, high susceptibility and vulnerability.
- Constant feelings of fatigue and apathy;
- Heightened sensitivity;
- Social isolation;
- Frequent and unexpected mood swings;
- Sleep and wakefulness disorders;
- Loss of interest in life or certain areas of life.
It is the constant feeling of anxiety for his life or the lives of loved ones that causes insomnia. Problems with sleep do not allow the body and nervous system of a neurasthenic sufferer to rest properly. This, in turn, exacerbates all of the above symptoms.
Therefore, experts recommend a few simple and effective rules for insomnia:
- Observe the regime of the day, that is, try to fall asleep and wake up at the same time;
- Exercise, giving the body a light workout;
- Frequently go out into the fresh air;
- Reduce the amount of drinks that contain caffeine;
- Eat light foods to avoid stomach discomfort.
What causes neurosis?
- Heavy mental activity;
- Prolonged psychological distress and anxiety;
- Psychological pressure of not being able to solve life’s problems;
- Prolonged loneliness and problems in the personal sphere of life;
- Traumatic event in life: the loss of a loved one, a difficult divorce, a difficult financial situation, if the person has been emotionally and physically abused, etc;
- Excessive expectations. In this case, the person cannot achieve the desired goal and has a feeling of an impossible plan;
- Psychological traumas received in childhood: humiliation or beating by peers and parents, an example of a bad lifestyle from adults, harsh upbringing;
- Non-observance of work and rest patterns.
Peculiarities of the course of neurosis in women
Neurosis is diagnosed in one-third of the world’s urban population. Neurology is one of the most frequent ailments of the nervous system – the disease accounts for one in four of all holders of mental illness. A study of the incidence of neurosis has shown that neurotic disorders are common in men and women over the age of 30. However, neurotic disorders in women tend to be more severe than in men.
The reason for these findings is the emotionalism of women. Doctors point out that neurosis most often appears in expressive and emotional people. Statistically, women are more sensitive than men.
Also, experts say that unlike men, women suffer from neurosis almost twice as much. One of the causes of neurosis in women is considered to be menopause. Any hormonal change affects our nervous system and can bring unpleasant consequences.
Perhaps in this case, plays a social factor – men are less likely to go to the doctor, much less a psychotherapist. Today, however, experts say that the flow of men to the psychotherapist has increased, but women are still more willing to go to the doctor for help.
Also by fate and centuries-old tradition on the woman’s shoulders is not only a career and daily work, but also cleaning at home, raising children. The tasks of the modern woman have increased, the “you have to be strong and hold on” mentality is firmly fixed in her mind. However, this unknown strength will not keep from overwork and fatigue. Then you need to seek help from a psychotherapist, who will appoint treatment. Psychotherapy sessions help to affect the cause of the neurosis, change the attitude to the psychotraumatic situation and facilitate the release of emotions, speeding up recovery.
Symptoms of neurosis in women
Signs of neurosis in women differ from the opposite sex due to our physiological features of the body. For example, women have insomnia, frequent nightmares and sleep paralysis among the list of symptoms of neurosis, while men do not. Also in women with neurosis there is a deviation of the menstrual cycle.
Doctors identify the following as the most common symptoms of neurosis in women:
- expressive behavior;
- refusal to eat;
- impairment of physical qualities: loss of strength, feeling of fatigue, loss of stamina;
- heartaches and headaches;
- vestibular disorders, balance disorders
- excessive tearfulness;
- severe mood swings.
There are several types of neurosis, one of which is hysterical, most commonly called hysteria. According to doctors, the signs of this type of disease are most often observed in women. Hysterical disorder is interpreted by specialists as a fierce desire to attract attention to the person of the patient. Characterize the disease by demonstrative behavior. A person suffering from this disorder often yells loudly, arranges scandals, and sobs profusely.
The psychotherapists at Medunion Medical Center have vast experience and all the necessary resources for the successful treatment of neurosis.
Peculiarities of the course of neurosis in children
Neurasthenia is also inherent in children of primary and preschool age. The symptomatology of the disorder is similar to that of adults. The only difficulty in determining the pathology is that young children often cannot explain what is happening to them and what they are feeling.
The child has a decreased appetite, has trouble sleeping, often has nightmares, as a result of which the baby may even cry out in his sleep and wake up not understanding what is happening. There is increased sweating, decreased limb temperature.
In addition to all the above signs of pathology, the child may have a headache, he is sensitive to bright light and loud sounds. There is also often a sudden change of positive emotions to negative ones: crying, aggression and depression.
Specialists recommend seeking immediate help from a doctor, since neurosis in childhood is much more difficult to treat than in adults.
What types of neurosis exist and how do they differ?
- Depressive. This type of neurosis is characterized by such symptoms in a person as tearfulness, a sharp change in mood, a feeling of despair and helplessness. The sufferer of the disorder loses interest in life, there is a longing. During depressive neurosis, the person experiences low self-esteem, guilt, and frustration.
- Anxiety. Often has manifestations at the physical level: dry mouth, excessive sweating, palpitations. Anxiety neurosis can result in panic attacks and phobias. The person is constantly experiencing feelings of fear.
- Hysterical (“conversion disorder”) – most often manifests when the person has experienced a severe emotional shock or traumatic event. There is a change or loss of motor/sensory function indicating a physical disorder that is undetectable. For example, a person may experience loss of speech after an accident, although there is no physical reason for it.
- Obsessive-compulsive. Obsessive thoughts and images appear. Often such thoughts have no rational basis and are catastrophic in nature. To counteract the overpowering anxiety, the person performs compulsive repetitive actions.
- Rehearsal. This is manifested by attempts to resolve an issue that was left incomplete in the past. The person suffering from rehearsal neurosis transfers the conflicting relationship from the past to the present and believes that this reality still exists today.
For example, the person believes that everyone treats him or her badly or no one likes him or her. As a result, he or she begins to behave in accordance with his or her perceptions of those around him or her.
Neurosis and memory problems
Excessive anxiety leads to decreased concentration, which often means that the patient has problems with memory and attention. In order to affect the problem, you can take vitamin complexes of natural origin, as well as conduct useful memory training.
Specialists recommend engaging in light exercise, doing daily exercise to relieve anxiety and excessive worry.
Try not to perform several tasks at the same time, this will only aggravate the problem. It is better to remove all distractions while working or doing your favorite activity. Such distractions include the cell phone or any other mobile device. Turn them off while you are doing important things.
To reduce the strain on your eyesight and brain, take breaks from work and study. You don’t want to work too hard. You can take a walk in the fresh air or do a workout.
Neurosis and psychosis: what is the difference?
Often these concepts are confused or interchangeable. But the diseases are different in their manifestations and the inner feeling of a person. For example, during the development of obsessive-compulsive neurosis, a person retains a sense of reality and looks for new ways to adjust to it. He is aware that he suffers from a disorder and that this suffering is a product of mental instability.
During psychosis, the person perceives the world around him differently. He adapts reality according to his personal perception (often delusional), experiences hallucinations and delusions. And the main difference between psychosis and neurosis is that the patient is not aware of his problem.
Neurosis and vegetovascular dystonia
As we mentioned above, during neurosis there are signs on the physical level, such as palpitations, fluctuations in blood pressure, chest pain, breathing difficulties and so on. All of these symptoms are similar to the signs of such a disease as vegetovascular dystonia.
IHD is a complex of symptoms of different localization, which arise from failures in the autonomic nervous system. And neurosis is a CNS disorder caused by the psyche (stress, depression and other). Since the nervous system is connected, disorders in one department provoke failures in the other.
How is neurasthenia diagnosed?
To diagnose and identify the disease, you need a consultation with a neurologist, and sometimes a psychologist and psychiatrist. In a city clinic you can go to your primary care physician, who will write a referral to a neurologist. However, this takes time. Often you have to wait 2 weeks for your appointment with a doctor. In some cases, this is simply not possible, as it is necessary to quickly conduct an examination and prescribe treatment before the situation becomes critical.
That is why we recommend going to Medunion Medical Clinic. We have practicing neurologists whose appointments do not have to wait for weeks. Make an appointment today for a time that is convenient for you, not for the rest of the day, and have an examination as early as tomorrow.
Patients choose us for the fact that we provide a service of visiting the narrow specialists at home in case you cannot come to the clinic yourself. Right at home you can also have tests taken.
Diagnosis includes interviewing the patient or his closest relatives (caregivers), collecting medical history and review of medical history. In order to make a diagnosis, the doctor needs to know the symptoms that bother the patient.
To rule out other pathologies, the neurologist prescribes laboratory tests:
- Blood tests;
- Ultrasound examination;
- Computer tomography;
- Magnetic resonance imaging.
A specialist will also conduct psychological tests. For example, the color technique. It consists in offering the patient a palette of colors from which he must choose his favorite color. Colors such as purple, gray, red, brown, and black indicate a high probability of developing neurosis.
Ways to treat neurosis
To fight the disease, experts suggest using a comprehensive approach. This includes medication therapy, physical activity and proper nutrition, sleep and wakefulness regimes, moderate mental stress.
Medications are primarily antidepressants, which are involved in the capture of serotonin, dopamine, norepinephrine. In addition, such drugs help to block the enzyme that breaks down these hormones. This allows them to increase their volume in the general bloodstream and thereby improve mood.
These medications do not affect the state of a person while driving a vehicle, do not cause addiction, but the effect of them comes only after a few weeks after the start of admission. The duration of the course of therapy can be up to 2-3 months.
There are also new generation antidepressants, which are considered safer and have fewer side effects. The duration of therapy and daily dose is determined only by the attending physician. Take the drugs yourself without consulting a neurologist is extremely undesirable.
Another effective remedy is the drugs of the tranquilizer group, which affect the transmission of nerve impulses in the brain, allowing you to slow down the activity of the nervous system, reduce the person’s response to a particular stimulus. Drugs have a sedative and anti-anxiety effect on the body.
Personal psychotherapy allows a person suffering from a nervous disorder to build a picture of his personality, to establish the cause that led to the neurosis. The doctor helps to change a person’s view of the world around him. Recovery comes if the patient, with the help of a specialist, realizes the cause of his fears and worries.
Meditation is also often used. With the help of psychoanalysis you can sort out your inner world. Meditation allows you to reduce anxiety and create new beliefs about specific situations.
A proper diet during neurosis can reduce the burden on the body. It is worth to eat small portions 4-5 times a day, add to your diet vegetables and fruits. They contain a high concentration of vitamins and fiber, which is the building material for all systems of the body.
It is also best to exclude sweets, flour, fried foods, and highly salty foods. Exclude strong and carbonated drinks. And also do not forget about drinking, at least 1.5 liters of clean water a day.
Breathing exercises and massage
Physical exercises help to normalize the activity of such parts of the brain as the cortex and subcortex, as well as to stimulate and calm the nervous system.
At the initial stage of gymnastics perform simple exercises that do not involve the impact on the muscles, and do not require concentration. Over time, the load must be increased. And breathing exercises improve blood circulation in the internal organs and in the brain, which helps to get rid of the pain syndrome.
Prevention of neurosis development
To prevent yourself from developing neurosis, you need to exclude stressful situations and emotional overload. Take breaks when you do hard mental work.
Do things that bring pleasure and relax or soothe. Also suitable for prevention are meditations, which completely relax the body and mind and lift your spirits.
And don’t forget, if you feel constant panic attacks, emotional decline or other disturbing symptoms of neurosis, see a specialist.
Answers to frequently asked questions that arise for those facing neuroses
No, they don’t. Character traits such as impressionability, anxiety, mistrustfulness, and so on, which under unfavorable circumstances facilitate the onset of neurosis, can be transmitted.
Can neurosis be cured for good?
Can sexual frustration be the main cause of neurosis?
Yes, it can, but now, as the basis of neurosis, it is almost uncommon. The role of sex is extremely overrated when it comes to the occurrence of neurotic experiences. This is due to Sigmund Freud’s contribution to the development of the causes and mechanisms of neurosis.
Why is exercise good for neurosis?
It is unlikely to cure neurosis with physical exercise, but as an auxiliary component physical activity is very useful. Stress hormones (adrenaline, cortisol) are released and the muscles relax, this will contribute to the overall calmness. You will sort of blow off steam.
Does neurosis affect longevity?
More likely no than yes. But, if you exclude the fact that sufferers of neurosis take more care of themselves and lead healthier lifestyles. This is exactly what contributes to a longer life expectancy.
What happens if I don’t treat neurosis?
You won’t die or go crazy. But your quality of life may be significantly diminished. While remaining physically and mentally healthy, a person with neurosis can fill their life with a huge amount of restriction, anxiety and depression.
Which neurosis is the worst?
The one that is neglected. The longer a person suffers from a neurosis, the harder and longer it takes to treat. If a person became ill, for example, less than 2 months ago, 3-4 meetings may be enough for treatment. All other things being equal (age, intelligence, motivation, duration of illness, unfavorable background), panic disorder is the easiest to treat, and OCD is the hardest to treat. Sociophobia may not be as poisonous as panic attacks, but it’s much harder to get rid of until the end, especially if it’s from your teenage years.
Is it possible to lose your mind from neurosis?
When should you start treating neurosis? When should it end? How long does it take to treat neurosis?
The sooner treatment begins, the better. At a minimum, if symptoms become regular within two months, it is better to see a psychotherapist sooner. When to finish is a more complicated question. I will give an example of a situation: let’s take a person with a medium degree of neurosis who, for example, needs eight meetings. The first two weeks twice a week, then once a week, i.e. the entire course would last one and a half to two months. In most cases the symptoms subside considerably by the fourth session. Gradually, the symptoms wave by wave disappear. After two months they are either gone, or there are echoes of them, which appear less frequently and become less intense. That is, when the symptoms are gone or there is a stable absence of symptoms, you can think about the end of treatment. However it happens so that there are no symptoms, but the person continues to see a psychotherapist for some time, in order to optimize the quality of his life, to make himself more stress-resistant and thereby to prevent the recurrence of neurosis. To summarize: it is optimal to stop treatment when symptoms have gone away completely or when they are so few that they no longer affect life, besides the issues that can maintain neurosis or provoke it have been resolved.
Is neurosis better treated in a hospital or as an outpatient?
From my perspective, in the vast majority of cases, neurosis is better treated as an outpatient. It only makes sense to go to a hospital (for example, to a neurosis clinic) if the person cannot lead a normal life at all because of constant anxiety and markedly lowered mood. Hospitals may prescribe medication in drips which will allow the person to come to his senses for a while. In an inpatient setting, it is easier for the doctor to determine the effectiveness of the medications, since the patient is under constant observation. In an outpatient setting, however, the doctor must be much more careful not to “overload” the patient. However, it is not always possible to receive full psychotherapeutic treatment on an inpatient basis. Nevertheless, for some people, it is a way out in order to alleviate their condition. Another reason to go to hospital can be an unpleasant situation at home. If you find yourself in the hospital, avoid talking about how someone got sick, or you risk treating some fears and coming out with others. Outpatient treatment is preferable, because getting rid of neurosis requires learning techniques that need to be practiced in real life. If the need arises, sedatives will be prescribed for you as well. On the plus side, you will be able to stay out of your normal life for several weeks.
Can neurosis be cured without pills?
In most cases, yes, if it’s pure neurosis, not complicated by anything (depression, organic brain damage, long-term course, and so on).
Are there pills for neurosis?
No. The drugs (tranquilizers, antidepressants, minor neuroleptics) that are used to treat anxiety disorders are aimed at reducing symptoms, not the cause or mechanisms of neurosis.
What’s the worst thing about neuroses?
As a physically and mentally healthy person, you won’t tap into your potential and realize the possibilities, and life will pass you by.
If I have neurosis, should I talk about it, will I be understood?
Unfortunately, it is unlikely that you will encounter understanding. People who have never experienced panic attacks, fear and anxiety in situations that seem normal to them (airplane, subway, hairdresser, concert hall, performances, standing in traffic) are unable to understand how you can get so anxious in perfectly safe situations and not be able to “pull yourself together. Therefore, it makes sense to inform only those who are actively involved in your life or live nearby about what is happening to you. So that they have an opportunity, if not to understand, then at least to accept the limitations that neurosis has imposed on your life. So that they understand how they can help you, and do not add to your anxiety with their worries, irritation or lectures. In this case, you should not be afraid that someone will find out about your problems: your behavior may be incomprehensible to others, but since you will still control yourself, no one will think that you are some kind of abnormal. Neuroses are quite common, so it’s not uncommon for people to find understanding from people they never thought they’d find support from.
What is the best specialist to treat neurosis with?
A psychotherapist. I didn’t accidentally specify a doctor because, unfortunately, psychologists often call themselves psychotherapists. You need a doctor who knows psychotherapeutic methods for treating neurosis. If you want to truly cure neurosis and not just smooth over the symptoms, a neurologist or psychiatrist is not the right choice.
Can neurosis go away on its own?
Yes, it can. But if the symptoms build up and don’t go away for more than one month, it’s unlikely.
Should neurosis prevention be addressed?
I do not think that it is necessary to take preventive measures against any disease specifically, if your family history is not burdened with this illness – there is no point in thinking about what does not exist. But it’s worth it to lead a healthy lifestyle, that’s all! Try not to give a damn about the quality of your life, do not overwork yourself, do not accumulate stress, try to balance your life, so that it has rest, healthy sleep, interesting activities, pleasant communication, sufficient physical activity. Reduce to a minimum the number of conflicts, alcohol and do not use drugs. Then the chances of having a neurosis in your life will be significantly reduced.
Can mental trauma cause neurosis?
Yes, it can. Although neurosis often occurs when a difficult period is over.
Do I have to deal with memories from my childhood to heal from my neurosis?
Not necessarily. Information about childhood is needed to figure out the personality traits that contributed to the neurosis, to identify habitual ways of reacting and thinking. This means that the mechanism of “remembering something from childhood, telling the psychotherapist, and neurosis gone” does not work.
Is anorexia nervosa a neurosis?
No, anorexia nervosa has a completely different mechanism of onset and development. This diagnosis refers to eating disorders and is similar in mechanics to addictions.
Can alcoholism lead to neurosis and vice versa?
Yes, it can. It is not uncommon for the first panic attack in sufferers of alcoholism to occur against the background of withdrawal (the day after abuse). Sometimes after such an attack the person stops drinking. The situation is the opposite, when with the help of alcohol the person suffering from neurosis and sociophobia relieves his or her stiffness and fear, and begins to do so regularly.
What type of psychotherapy is most effective for neurosis?
From our point of view, the cognitive-behavioral approach is the best. It began to be developed in the middle of the 20th century. There has been a tremendous amount of research into its effectiveness, and techniques have been perfected. The approach is based on science and in a short period of time it can help to change a lot of things for a person. But this does not mean that it is the only effective one – representatives of other psychotherapeutic schools also conduct effective treatments. Here – as in surgery: scalpels can be of different forms, the main thing is literacy, intelligence, experience, skills of the surgeon and the desire to help.