Elderly people in modern society

The Adaptation of the Elderly People in the Modern Society

Mityakina, N. A. Adaptation of the elderly in modern society / N. A. Mityakina, E. A. Veretelnikova. – Text : immediate // Young scientist. – 2020. – № 52 (342). – С. 388-389. – URL: https://moluch.ru/archive/342/77149/ (date of reference: 21.09.2022).

The article deals with the problems of finding the elderly in modern society and proposes ways to solve them.

Key words: modern society, the elderly, retirement, the elderly.

In modern society the elderly are increasingly becoming the most vulnerable. The level of income of low-income citizens is growing every month, while the income of pensioners is practically unchanged.

There is a general increase in the number of elderly people in our country against the background of decreasing life expectancy. There are more than 35 million people of working age in the Russian Federation. Elderly people are a rapidly growing socio-demographic group, accounting for one fifth of the country’s population. The share of people of retirement age increases every year.

Population aging requires more attention to medical, communal, domestic, cultural and other types of services, i.e. to all social infrastructure. The problems of the elderly in modern society are considered mainly as a consequence of urbanization. It is necessary to consider those cultural and social factors that determine the specifics of the aging process and the position of the elderly in society: ownership of property and income, strategic knowledge, ability to work, mutual dependence, tradition and religion, loss of roles and role uncertainty, loss of future. [1]

Old age is a stage in life where frequent social loss and lack of gain occur. When the major tasks in life are accomplished, responsibility diminishes and dependence increases. They clearly show the elderly person’s decreased participation in social life and increased marginalization. Modern civilization favors youth, energy, enthusiasm, and innovation over passive old-fashioned old age. From this perspective, old age appears as a loss of social roles.

After retirement a person ceases to be an integral part of the family, ceases to be a worker. In modern society, labor activity performs a number of functions. It not only provides a person with the means of subsistence, gives him a certain status, but also gives him social activity. At the level of personality, it is considered as a way of conscious identification and approval of one’s place in the system of social relations and self-realization. For any person, labor activity is a prerequisite for his full-fledged, interesting life, creative activity. Therefore, work is also necessary for the elderly, whose personal interests with time are significantly limited and narrowed. [2]

The period of retirement or, as it is often said, the crisis period in a person’s life. The continuing significant change in the life situation is connected with external factors (the appearance of leisure, the change in social status) and internal factors (the awareness of the age-related decline in physical and mental strength, the dependent position of society and family). These changes require people to revise their values, attitudes toward themselves and the world around them, and to search for new ways to implement activities. For some people this process takes a very long time, it is difficult, it is accompanied by worries, passivity rather than the ability to find new things, to look at themselves and the world around them in a new way. The other category of elderly people, on the contrary, adapts quickly, is not prone to drama and transition to a retirement lifestyle. They make full use of their increased free time and find a new social environment.

A person’s transition to the group of the elderly significantly changes his or her relations with society and such value-normative notions as the purpose and meaning of life, good and happiness, etc. People’s way of life has changed significantly. Previously, they were connected with society, production and social activities-as pensioners (by age) tend to lose their permanent connection with production. However, as members of society, they continue to engage in certain activities in various spheres of social life.

Retirement is especially difficult for people whose work was highly valued in the past and is now considered worthless and useless. Of course, the break with work has a negative impact on health, vitality, and the psyche.

A small number passes the negative phase of the crisis of old age, and most of them need attentive and qualified help of specialists, close people and society as a whole. In our society there are stable positive stereotypes of the elderly which evaluate their experience, knowledge and ability to stand in difficult life situations. So, it is quite realistic to give an attitude to their importance for the young, to help them, and for the young to accept help and not only at home, but also in professional, social activities. [3]

The elderly should be seen as an integral part of the population. They should also be considered in the context of population groups such as women, young people, people with disabilities, etc. They are an essential and necessary element of the development process at all levels in society.

Improving the level and quality of life of older people as an important condition for improving the way of life in old age is a complex complex process, during which the state of physical and spiritual health, satisfaction with living conditions, high provision with the necessary material, spiritual, cultural and social benefits, harmonious relations of older people with the social environment are achieved.

The public at large should be informed on the issues related to the treatment of the elderly, who need communication, attention and care. An instrument for overcoming the lack of communication is the widespread creation of special centers-clubs for the elderly on the basis of existing cultural institutions: philharmonic societies, museums, libraries, cultural and information centers.

Together with them, young people should be encouraged to get involved in the provision of services and care, as well as in the implementation of activities for the elderly in order to strengthen the connection between the generations.

Mutual aid between healthy and active older people and their assistance to less well-off peers, as well as the involvement of older people in informal activities, should be developed whenever possible. [4]

Loss of respect for the bearers of the past, increased social isolation leads to unfavorable social and psychological well-being of the elderly, depression, uncertainty about the future, the constant expectation of undesirable changes make this social group unprotected, which differs from other categories by uncertainty of social status and greater dissatisfaction with their lives.

As a result, older people easily go out on the street and need social and psychological support from their loved ones and society as a whole.

  1. Chernysh N. D., Korenkova G. V., Mityakina N. A. Problems, methodological foundations and trends in the development of professional culture of architectural environment creation // Bulletin of Belgorod State Technological University named after V. G. Shukhov. G. Shukhov, 2015. no. 6. С. 93-97.
  2. Anurin V. Some Problems of Sociology of Old Age // Psychology of Old Age and Aging: Textbook / Comp. О. V. Krasnova, A. G. Lieders. – Moscow: The Academy, 2003. – С.87-90.
  3. Aleksandrova M.D. Domestic studies of the social aspects of aging // Psychology of the Aging and the Aging: Reader’s Chrestomathy / comp. О. V. Krasnova, A. G. Lieders. – Moscow: Academia, 2003. – С.55-56.
  4. Bakhtiyarov R.Sh., Gnezdilov A. V., Gnezdilov A. V., Diatchenko O. T. et al. Gnezdilov A. T. et al. Psychological and social aspects of rehabilitation of oncological patients of senile age // Psychology of old age and aging: Textbook / Comp. О. Krasnova V., Lieders A. G. – M.: Academia, 2003. – С.314-321.

Key terms (generated automatically) : modern society, elderly, old age, society, environment, elderly person, advanced age, social environment, social status, labor activity.

Elderly and aged people in modern society

People are always striving for something else, it is surprising and paradoxical. So in kindergarten, children rather want to get to school, then to the institute, then quickly go to work and get their money. At a more mature age, there comes an understanding that they would rather stay in retirement, sit at home, enjoy their leisure, and spend their time doing the things they really enjoy. But when this very retirement age comes, there is fear: the new status, the attitude to the elderly in society and the family, the financial situation and others. It is necessary to adapt as quickly and comfortably as possible in the new status and to understand the new status of the elderly.

The place of seniors in society

Aging is a necessary stage in everyone’s life. It cannot be avoided and there is no need to be afraid of it. Each period has its certain moments, tasks, joys and difficulties. And now elderly people are not always lonely, sad, sick and deprived people. On the contrary, many elderly people, on the contrary, change their lives radically at this age. They begin to travel, arrange their personal life, and pursue hobbies for which they had no opportunities before.

If you remember history, people of old age were very respected, often becoming wise men or leaders, teaching life to the younger generation. But gradually society was changing, many life processes were improved and automated. In this regard, their authority began to lose its power.

Older people in the state and attitudes toward them

Life in modern society and the state is important for the elderly. Respect for them was developed at the genetic level many years ago all over the world.

There is even a special world holiday, which has been celebrated since 1990 and is called Elderly People’s Day. But there are countries that began to celebrate it earlier, so in Japan, they began to celebrate this holiday in 1966. Any nation or country is proud of its seniors, the indicator of average life expectancy and carries out various activities to increase it.

People of retirement age are divided into several age categories:

  • Early retirement age and up to and including age 74. People in this category are called elderly people;
  • The next stage, from 75 to 89 years old, are people of senile age;
  • And the last category begins with 90 years and older – this is the smallest and most respected group of people – long-livers. There are world record-breakers among them. The biggest record belongs to Jeanne-Louise Kalman. This French woman lived a long and fascinating life filled with amazing events and died at 122 years old.

The state tries in every way to support pensioners, including giving various benefits, making gifts, arranging various evenings and concerts for such people.

Pensioners in modern society

In modern society, the social status and financial situation of the family of pensioners is very different from each other. Therefore, the public attitude towards them is significantly different. And the role of people of the same age in the community is also correspondingly different. So if a person is asked to imagine a pensioner it will be different too. For someone it will be a simple-hearted grandfather completely satisfied with his life, living in a private house and playing with his grandchildren. For others, it is a poor, sad, lonely, destitute person who barely has enough money for food.

The first example describes a man who most likely has well-off children who help him in every way they can. The second shows the life of most single elderly people.

This is sad and society needs to change its attitude toward seniors; they deserve respect and honor.

The place of the elderly in the family and attitudes toward them

The family is an integral part of everyone’s life. It is what determines the role and position of the pensioner in modern society. And also the family helps the pensioner to more comfortably undergo adaptation to their new status and standard of living. The elderly person has certain tasks in their family or in helping their children:

  • Helping the younger generation with advice based on their life experiences;
  • Performing household chores to the best of one’s ability;
  • Helping the children as needed;
  • Fostering a healthy, positive emotional level in the family;
  • Help with grandchildren, their upbringing, education, help in attending circles and various educational programs

It is important to keep in mind that an elderly person may have difficulties with their health, you should not overburden them and provide help and support if possible. This will contribute to optimal adaptation to retirement age, positive emotions, a feeling of significance and usefulness of the elderly person both for their relatives and society as a whole.

You can also use the services of the directory of boarding houses and find a rest home for your relative or place him in a boarding house for the elderly.

Examples of retirees who prove by personal example that age is not a hindrance

Age is not a barrier to living an active life and doing what you love. There are many people of an advanced age engaged in science, technology, creativity, sports, politics and even Internet technology. For example, the famous ballet dancer John Law is 92 years old. Or another striking representative of Grace Cook, a rock musician who performs concerts at his 91 years of age. These people are strong not only physically, but also in spirit. Not only do they not accept a quiet old age, but they live for their own pleasure and have earned recognition in society no matter what.

Adaptation of pensioners in modern society and possible difficulties

The most important thing a person at this age should do – to adapt to the new status, to devote themselves to their family and favorite activities. Do not forget that many older people have all sorts of health problems, you should not neglect it. Care of loved ones, their help, timely visit to specialists will help to overcome these difficulties and prolong the life of an elderly person. This is a time when you need the support of your family and friends more than ever. And it’s important to remember that life doesn’t end there and you can live a wonderful, enjoyable life.

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